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LEO Training

Miranda And Beyond
  • September 8, 2023
  • 12:00 pm – 4:00 pm


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Disclaimer: This course will be conducted via zoom on the date and time listed. ALL attendees will be required to send proof of active LEO status in order to receive the zoom link. To ensure your spot in the class, please email a photo of your LEO ID after registering. We will cross check your registration with your email and once verified, you will be added to the roster. The zoom link will not be sent until a few days prior to class.

Having a solid understanding of the foundational constitutional principles that control the admissibility and reliability of evidence obtained during police investigations is critical to successful prosecution of criminal offenders. Violations of the Miranda rule, for example, will almost certainly lead to the suppression of critical testimonial evidence, such as the defendant’s confession, in a criminal trial. A confession that is involuntary violates a defendant’s right to due process and cannot be used as evidence at trial. An unnecessarily suggestive identification procedure, also a violation of due process, can cause both out-of-court and in-court identifications to be inadmissible. And violations of the Sixth Amendment right to counsel can also render otherwise probative evidence inadmissible.

This webinar will provide attendees with a proper understanding of the Fifth, Sixth and Fourteenth Amendment requirements surrounding interrogation, confessions and identification procedures. Relevant decisions of the Supreme Court of the United States and the lower federal courts will be discussed. To facilitate understanding, illustrative examples will be offered to demonstrate the application of these principles. Attendees will leave the program better prepared to conduct criminal investigations effectively while also fully
appreciating and respecting the constitutional rights of the accused.

Zach Miller (J.D. in progress) is a highly-respected police legal expert with substantial operational and academic experience in the law of policing. During his 18-year career as a Virginia police officer, he taught extensively in the area of constitutional policing and the law of arrest, search and seizure. In 2023, Zach retired as a police officer to devote his efforts full time to educating, advising and training law enforcement officers and agencies nationwide
on all aspects of constitutional policing, policy development and risk management.

Throughout his career, Zach has worked closely with nationally-recognized police law expert, Attorney Randy Means. Randy recently said of Zach: “His knowledge and understanding of the Fourth Amendment is far superior to that of most practicing attorneys nationwide. He not only knows the law, he really understands it and can explain it to just about anyone!”


Zach Miller

Zach Miller, a highly-respected police legal instructor and a police officer since 2004,  specializes in federal and state constitutional law. Since 2009, Zach has worked very closely with nationally-recognized police law attorney Randy Means. Together, developed training programs and policies to address the federal government’s justifiable concerns and have contracted with agencies nationwide on a vast array of projects that required legal expertise and specialization. They worked with several law enforcement agencies, including two of the largest sheriff’s departments in the country, that were subject to federal intervention due to their unconstitutional practices. Other projects have included use of force incident review, high-liability policy development and leadership training. Zach and Attorney Means have also co-authored numerous articles about constitutional policing for Law and Order magazine.


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